Cultural Resources

Archives: Historic Structures, Districts, and Landscapes Guidance

Historic Structures, Districts, & Landscapes: Guidance (Archives)

Sustainability and Historic Federal Buildings - Guide, 2011 pdf [1.53 MB]

This guide discusses how to integrate the requirements of the National Historic Preservation Act with the requirements of Executive Order 13514: Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance. Advisory Council for Historic Preservation.

Technical Specifications Submitted to the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation for Consideration as Standard Treatments - Specifications, 2008 pdf [4.21 MB]

This attachment is to a May 30, 2008, letter from Alex A. Beehler, Assistant Deputy Undersecretary of Defense, to John L. Nau, III, Chairman of the ACHP, regarding standard treatments and contains technical specifications for the repair, replacement, and cleaning of masonry materials including mortar, stucco, adobe, brick, and terra cotta.

A Look at the Historic Real Property Inventory in the DoD - Slideshow, 2007 (Legacy 07-376) pdf [539 KB]

This slideshow summarizes the content, organization, and progress of DoD's 2006 Historic Real Property Inventory data, including the number and status of structures that are over 50 years old. Joanna Hall.

Section 106 Standard Treatments: A Program Alternative - Fact Sheet, 2007 (Legacy 06-313) pdf [41 KB]

This fact sheet summarizes a project that created standard treatments for categories of undertakings of repair and maintenance of building materials and systems common to historic military buildings (e.g., exterior masonry, roofing materials, and exterior wood elements). Brian J. Lusher.

DoD Sustainability Application Guide for Historic Properties - Report, 2007 (Legacy 04-220) pdf [11.17 MB]

This report presents technical information to incorporate sustainable design principles into historic buildings owned by the Department of Defense (DoD). The study follows the U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design rating system for Existing Buildings (LEED-EB), Version 2.0, June 2005, and provides specific discussion and strategies relevant both to historic preservation and sustainable design and development. Julie L. Webster, Kathleen S. McQuiggan, Charissa Wang Durst, and James G. MacMillan.

DoD Sustainability Application Guide for Historic Properties - Fact Sheet, (Legacy 04-220) pdf [42 KB]
Antiterrorism Measures for Historic Properties - Report, 2006 (Legacy 03-176) pdf [8.31 MB]

The objectives of this study were to: identify common circumstances in which Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC) 4-010-01 undertakings for minimum antiterrorism (AT) standards for DoD building will conflict with the requirements of the NHPA, and; develop specific guidelines that will help installation command, AT, cultural resources, and facilities personnel to rapidly resolve those conflicts in a way that satisfies both sets of requirements. Julie L. Webster, Patrick E. Reicher, and Gordon L. Cohen.

Antiterrorism Measures for Historic Properties - Fact Sheet (Legacy 03-176) pdf [828 KB]
DoD Cultural Resources Workshop: Prioritizing Cultural Resources Needs for a Sound Investment Strategy - Presentation, 2006 pdf [2.38 MB]

This PowerPoint presentation is an overview of DoD's historic holdings, responsibilities towards those assets, and plans/strategies for their management. Brian Lione.

Current DoD Needs for CRM Built Infrastructure - Report, 2006 pdf [467 KB]

This document includes an overview of the DoD's properties that are over 50 years old and discusses the DoD and the "50 Year Rule", the importance of "uninteresting" or "standardized plan" buildings, the needs and priorities of the DoD in regard to historic properties (e.g., inventory, information sharing, technology), and Military Construction Appropriation programs. Adam Smith and Julia Cantrell.

Historic Structures, Districts, and Landscapes: Historic Contexts (Archives)

Historic Contexts & Histories Catalog for DoDs Historic Built Environment - Catalog pdf [568 KB]

This catalog provides a bibliography and brief description of Legacy projects on the DoD’s historic built environment from 1993-2011.

Nationwide Context, Inventory, and Heritage Assessment of Works Progress Administration and Civilian Conservation Corps Resources on Department of Defense Installations - Part 1 of 8 - Report, 2009 (Legacy 07-357) pdf [5.44 MB]

This report is a national historic context for Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and Works Progress Administration (WPA) projects related to military installations. Susan Goodfellow, Marjorie Nowick, Chad Blackwell, Dan Hart, and Kathryn Plimpton.

Nationwide Context, Inventory, and Heritage Assessment of Works Progress Administration and Civilian Conservation Corps Resources on Department of Defense Installations - Part 2 of 8 - Report, 2009 (Legacy 07-357) pdf [13.98 MB]
Nationwide Context, Inventory, and Heritage Assessment of Works Progress Administration and Civilian Conservation Corps Resources on Department of Defense Installations - Part 3 of 8 - Report, 2009 (Legacy 07-357) pdf [2.54 MB]
Nationwide Context, Inventory, and Heritage Assessment of Works Progress Administration and Civilian Conservation Corps Resources on Department of Defense Installations - Part 4 of 8 - Report, 2009 (Legacy 07-357) pdf [2.60 MB]
Nationwide Context, Inventory, and Heritage Assessment of Works Progress Administration and Civilian Conservation Corps Resources on Department of Defense Installations - Part 5 of 8 - Report, 2009 (Legacy 07-357) pdf [11.85 MB]
Nationwide Context, Inventory, and Heritage Assessment of Works Progress Administration and Civilian Conservation Corps Resources on Department of Defense Installations - Part 6 of 8 - Report, 2009 (Legacy 07-357) pdf [11.56 MB]
Nationwide Context, Inventory, and Heritage Assessment of Works Progress Administration and Civilian Conservation Corps Resources on Department of Defense Installations - Part 7 of 8 - Report, 2009 (Legacy 07-357) pdf [13.39 MB]
Nationwide Context, Inventory, and Heritage Assessment of Works Progress Administration and Civilian Conservation Corps Resources on Department of Defense Installations - Part 8 of 8 - Report, 2009 (Legacy 07-357) pdf [17.10 MB]
Built by WPA-CCC, 1933-1943 New Deal Historic Resources on Department of Defense Installations - Booklet, 2009 (Legacy 07-357) pdf [13.65 MB]
Nationwide Context, Inventory, and Heritage Assessment of Works Progress Administration and Civilian Conservation Corps Resources on Department of Defense Installations - Fact Sheet, 2009 (Legacy 07-357) pdf [175 KB]
National Historic Context for Hush Houses and Test Cells on DoD Installations - Report, 2009 (Legacy 07-342) pdf [15.20 MB]

The report describes the evolution, development, and use of military hush houses and test cells from WWII through the Cold War, documenting different kinds of noise-attenuating technology from propeller engine testing rigs to jet engine development and maintenance. It provides a context, methodology, and examples for a building type, applicable throughout the U.S. Jayne Aaron.

National Historic Context for Hush Houses and Test Cells on DoD Installations - Fact Sheet, 2009 (Legacy 07-342) pdf [104 KB]
DoD Installation Support Facilities Historic Context - Hospitals Section - Report, 2008 (Legacy 06-296) pdf [78.08 MB]

This report provides a DoD-wide context and history of installation hospitals, covering the development of military hospitals from the Revolutionary War to present. Sunny Stone and Adam Smith.

Safeguard Missile Training Program, Fort Bliss, Texas - Brochure, 2008 pdf [3.94 MB]

This public brochure discusses the training that occurred on Fort Bliss under the Safeguard Missile Program, which was at the forefront of the U.S. nuclear strategy. Russell Sackett.

Tularosa Basin and Coe Ranch, Ft. Bliss, TX - Brochure, 2008 pdf [15.15 MB]

This public brochure is a historic context including Coe family history, military expansion/acquisition, and the development of Fort Bliss. Fort Bliss Publication.

Blueprints for the Citizen Soldier: A National Historic Context Study of United States Army Reserve Centers - Report, 2008 (Legacy 06-295) pdf [45.36 MB]

This report examines the history and development of the U.S. Army Reserve by telling the story of the Army Reserve through the buildings and facilities associated with training activities at Army Reserve Centers throughout the nation. David W. Moore, Jr., Justin B. Eddington, and Deborah K. Cannan.

Blueprints for the Citizen Soldier: A National Historic Context Study of United States Army Reserve Centers - Fact Sheet, 2008 (Legacy 06-295) pdf [60 KB]
Nationwide Historic Context Study: the Role of the National Guard in the Civil Rights Movement - Fact Sheet, 2008 (Legacy 07-366) pdf [92 KB]

This one-page fact sheet summarizes the report of a project that examined the role of the National Guard in the civil rights movement and provided a process by which to survey, interpret, and evaluate related National Guard properties for historic significance within that context. Stacey L. Giffen and Heather R. Puckett.

A Historic Context and Database for the Military-Industrial Complex in the State of Texas - Fact Sheet, 2008 (Legacy 06-231) pdf [202 KB]

This one-page summary describes a project that developed a historic context and database intended to provide tools for understanding and appreciating the complexities of Texas's military past and to assist with managing military cultural resources. Duane E. Peter.

National Register of Historic Places Historic Context and Evaluation for Kirtland Air Force Base, Albuquerque, NM - Report, 2008 pdf [10.63 MB]

This report is a complete evaluation of the historic facilities at Kirtland Air Force Base (AFB). The context covers the history of Kirtland AFB from the early 1880s through the end of the Cold War and discusses the methodology used to determine the significant historic resources at Kirtland AFB. Karn Van Citters and Kristen Bisson.

Historic Context: World War II Prisoner-of-War Camps on Department of Defense Installations - Report, 2007 (Legacy 05-256) pdf [86.80 MB]

This report provides a streamlined, comprehensive approach to the inventory and evaluation of WWII POW camps and features on DoD installations. John Listman, Christopher Baker, and Susan Goodfellow.

Context, Inventory, and Heritage Tourism Assessment of World War II Prisoner-of-War Camps on DoD Installations - Fact Sheet (Legacy 05-256) pdf [70 KB]
The Military Heritage Guidebook - Guide (Legacy 03-196) pdf [4.24 MB]

This guidebook describes historic sites important to American military heritage.  Its accompanying military heritage maps highlight historic sites associated with the U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Air Force. 

Preserving American Heritage - Poster (Legacy 03-196) pdf [11.11 MB]
Military Heritage National Historic Landmarks - Bookmarks (Legacy 03-196) pdf [2.10 MB]
Military Heritage Map: Central Region - Map (Legacy 03-196) pdf [4.79 MB]
Military Heritage Map: Northeast/Mid-Atlantic and Washington, D.C. Region - Map (Legacy 03-196) pdf [3.86 MB]
Military Heritage Map: Southern Region - Map (Legacy 03-196) pdf [4.42 MB]
Military Heritage Map: Western Region - Map (Legacy 03-196) pdf [4.96 MB]
Military Heritage Map: National - Map (Legacy 03-196) pdf [4.77 MB]
Historic Context Study: Historic Military Family Housing in Hawaii - Report, 2003 (Legacy 00-137) pdf [17.57 MB]

This document contains an overview of military housing including references to national trends in military housing; a statement of significance; history; landscape features description; and types, floor plans, materials, details, and character-defining features. Mason Architects, Inc.

Study of Antiterrorism/Force Protection (ATFP) Base Entrance Improvements in a Historic District - Report, 2003 pdf [3.98 MB]

This report contains recommendations and cost estimates for the improvement of installation entrances, specific to locations, and provides general information for use by other bases considering such upgrades. Hardlines Design Company.

California Historic Military Buildings and Structures Inventory - Volume I: Inventories of Historic Buildings and Structures on California Military Installations - Report, 2000 pdf [11.76 MB]

This report contains inventories and histories of historic structures on military installations in California. Foster Wheeler Environmental Corp.

California Historic Military Buildings and Structures Inventory - Volume II: The History and Historic Resources of the Military in California, 1769-1989 - Report, 2000 pdf [14.36 MB]
California Historic Military Buildings and Structures Inventory - Volume III: Historic Context: Themes, Property Types, and Registration Requirements - Report, 2000 pdf [22.38 MB]
California Historic Military Buildings and Structures Inventory - Volume IV: Appendices - Report, 2000 pdf [17.06 MB]
Still Serving: Reusing Historic National Guard Armories (Legacy 93-0483) - Report, 2000 pdf [5.36 MB]

Historic armories, located in central cities, retain the ability to meet the needs of their communities; the adaptability of drill spaces and offices lends itself to conversion to school buildings, apartments, libraries, museums, and community centers. This report highlights successful projects from around the country. National Trust for Historic Preservation.

Fort Bliss Main Post Historic District - Form, 2000 pdf [4.26 MB]

This is the National Register of Historic Places nomination form for the Fort Bliss Main Post Historic District, Ft. Bliss, TX. Sheila A. Ellsworth, Susan I. Enscore, Patrick M. Nowlan, and Amy J. Woods.

Historic Landscape Inventory for U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York - Report, 2000 (Legacy 94-210) pdf [8.34 MB]

This historic context of West Point emphasizes changes in its landscape and identifies the different stages of landscape change as defined by military mission and historical process, enabling the establishment of accurate historic district boundaries. The document provides guidance on the development of a historic landscape management plan. Diane Timlin and Suzanne Keith Loechl.

A Good Home for a Poor Man: Fort Polk and Vernon Parish, 1800-1940 - Report, 1999 (Legacy 94-0754) pdf [5.30 MB]

This historic context focuses on the iterative transformations of the landscapes of Vernon Parish and Fort Polk, which influenced the region's settlement, culture, wealth, poverty, and industry. Steven D. Smith.

A Good Home for a Poor Man: Fort Polk and Vernon Parish, 1800-1940 - Fact Sheet, 1999 (Legacy 94-0754) pdf [434 KB]
Historic Context for the African American Military Experience - Report, 1998 (Legacy 98-1762) pdf [22.15 MB]

This report describes the African American experience in military service from colonial times to the Korean War, focusing on segregated units and sites on DoD lands. This is a nationwide report covering an extensive timeframe, centering on the time period from 1783, following the American Revolution, to 1954, when troops were integrated. Steven D. Smith and James A. Zeidler.

A Historic Context Statement for a World War II Era Black Officers' Club at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri - Report, 1998 (Legacy 93-0945) pdf [9.67 MB]

This context is the first effort at evaluating a WWII period building at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, for nomination to the National Register. The building was used as the Black Officers' Club in the time before integration of the forces. The document includes an appendix discussion of German POW stonework at Fort Leonard Wood. Steven D. Smith.

Context Study of Quartermaster General Standardized Plans 1866-1942 - Report, 1997 pdf [20.36 MB]

This document provides a historic context statement for use in inventorying and evaluating as cultural resources thousands of standardized buildings constructed from nearly identical plans at installations throughout the continental U.S., Alaska, Hawaii, and Panama. It discusses shared characteristics, history of the Quatermaster Corps, and building types. Paul Chattey, Horace Foxall, Flossie McQueen, Cynthia Nielson, Mary Shipe, Terri Taylor, Jamie Tippett.

Patriotic Legacy: The Navajo Code Talkers and the Use of Native American Languages in Defense of America - Report, 1995 (Legacy 94-0311) pdf [873 KB]

This report provides a history on the use of Native American languages in U.S. military services. The New Mexico Department of Military Affairs.

A History of Fort Amador and Fort Grant - The Former Panama Canal Zone, Republic of Panama - Report, 1993 (Legacy 93-1326) pdf [5.36 MB]

Forts Amador and Grant were constructed to guard the Pacific entrance to the Panama Canal, which reverted to the Republic of Panama at the end of 1999, concluding a unique period in both countries' histories. The forts remain as a physical legacy of the U.S. contribution to the cultural heritage of Panama. Suzanne P. Johnson.

Cast Down Your Bucket Where You Are: An Ethnohistorical Study of the African-American Community on the Lands of Yorktown Naval Weapons Station, 1865-1918 - Report, 1992 (Legacy 92-0067) pdf [15.26 MB]

This document is a study of an African American community established in the Virginia Tidewater after the Civil War on land that is now the Yorktown Naval Weapons Station, 1865-1919. This study of the "Emancipation" period discusses how African Americans adjusted to and lived with their new freedom (economic and social development, family life, education, religion, and interracial relations). Bradley M. McDonald, Kenneth E. Stuck, and Kathleen J. Bragdon.

Reveille to Taps: Camp Forrest, TN 1940-1946 (Legacy 92-0442) - Report (Legacy 92-0442) pdf [6.87 MB]

This document is a history of Camp Forrest in Tennessee. Michael R. Bradley.

Historic Structures, Districts, and Landscapes: Cold War Historic Properties (Archives)

Army Ammunition and Explosives Storage During the Cold War, 1946 - 1989 - Report, 2009 pdf [7.22 MB]

This historic context discusses the development of weapons technology and construction of ammunition and explosive storage facilities during the Cold War, including modifications to existing ammunition storage facilities to accommodate changes in technology. Kathryn M. Kuranda, Kathryn Dixon, Dean A. Doerrfield, Rebecca Gatewood, Kirsten Peeler, Christine Heidenrich, and Katherine E. Grandine.

Recording the Cold War: Identifying and Collecting Cold War Resources Data on Military Installations - Report, 2008 (Legacy 07-285) pdf [13.36 MB]

The goals of this study were threefold: to identify DoD Cold War facilities and associated documentation at a select number of installations; to create a systematic approach for identifying, compiling, and analyzing available data; and to prepare time and cost metrics on the process. Carrie J. Gregory and Martyn D. Tagg.

Recording the Cold War: Identifying and Collecting Cold War Resources Data on Military Installations - Fact Sheet, 2008 (Legacy 07-285) pdf [64 KB]
Cold War Aerospace Technology History Project: Creating a Cold War Archive - Fact Sheet, 2008 (Legacy 05-268) pdf [97 KB]

This one page summary describes a project that was originally conceived as a multi-year project to create a Cold War Aerospace Technology Archive. The goal of the first year planning phase was to construct a means to collect and preserve the professional contributions of individuals who created and developed Cold War aerospace technology, with an initial focus on Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. Gino Pasi.

Military Historic Context Emphasizing the Cold War Including the Identification and Evaluation of Above-Ground Cultural Resources for Thirteen Department of Defense Installations in the State of Georgia) - Report, 2006 (Legacy 03-175) pdf [5.85 MB]

This report develops a statewide and regional historic context for existing Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marine Corps installations in Georgia. This includes all Reserve Centers and National Guard units where applicable. The focus is mission and infrastructure oriented, with emphasis on the period from World War II (WWII) to the end of the Cold War. Kelly Nolte, Mark A. Steinback, and Amber Coursette.

The Built Environment of Cold War Era Servicewomen - Report, 2006 (Legacy 05-194) pdf [36.59 MB]

This study examines the history and evolution of the built environment of Cold War era servicewomen to provide a historic context for use in identifying and evaluating aspects of historic buildings, landscapes, and properties associated with Cold War Era servicewomen that may be eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. Dawn A. Morrison and Susan I. Enscore.

The Built Environment of Cold War Era Servicewomen - Fact Sheet, 2006 (Legacy 05-194) pdf [153 KB]
Cold War Needs Assessment - Fact Sheet, 2006 (Legacy 05-285) pdf [58 KB]

This one page summary describes a workshop in February 2006 that gathered to develop strategies for more efficient and consistent management of Air Force Cold War resources. Workshop participants focused on four topics: (1) what Cold War resources exist; (2) how and where to store and share data on these resources; (3) how to consistently manage these resources; and (4) how to get executive-level support to apply the workshop recommendations across DoD.

Cold War Needs Assessment - Report, 2000 (Legacy 98-1754) pdf [2.63 MB]

This document is an agency-wide DoD framework for evaluating Cold War properties by reviewing methods used in 11 completed interservice Cold War building and structure evaluations.

Airplanes, Combat and Maintenance Crews, and Air Bases: The WWII and Early Cold War Architectural Legacy of Hollman Air Force Base 1942-1962 - Report, 1998 (Legacy 93-0786) pdf [3.43 MB]

This report on a demonstration project identifies and documents historic buildings on Hollman AFB-administered lands, with a focus on properties constructed during WWII and a number of unique facilities associated with early Cold War missile development. Martyn D. Tagg, Sonya Cooper, and Jean Fulton.

Airplanes, Combat and Maintenance Crews, and Air Bases: The World War II and Early Cold War Architectural Legacy of Holloman Air Force Base 1942-1962 - Fact Sheet, 1998 (Legacy 93-0786) pdf [347 KB]
Coming in from the Cold: Military Heritage in the Cold War - Report (Legacy 92-TA0010) pdf [8.42 MB]

The report describes projects to survey, document, and preserve Cold War resources and provides a general typology of Cold War resources.