Cultural Resources

Historic Structures, Districts, and Landscapes: Rehabilitation and Historic Materials

20th-Century Building Materials

20th Century Building Materials and Suitable Substitutes for Exterior Finishes and Roofs - Report, 2017 (Legacy 15-707) pdf [8.42 MB]

This project investigated problem areas associated with repair or in-kind replacement of exterior materials and addresses possible suitable substitute materials.  This report also presents the history of each material, identifying its unique characteristics and special circumstances that led to its development. When an adverse effect cannot be avoided, it is the intent of this report to utilize the history presented to prepare mitigation documentation.  The aim of this report is to serve as a useful tool that will assist DoD CRMs, facility planners, architects, and engineers responsible for the maintenance and repair of historic twentieth-century buildings in expediting and complying with Section 106 of the NHPA.  Samantha Driscoll, Pam Anderson, and Heather McDonald Robbins.

20th Century Building Materials and Suitable Substitutes for Exterior Finishes and Roofs - Tech Note, 2017 (Legacy 15-707) pdf [657 KB]
20th Century Building Materials and Suitable Substitutes for Exterior Finishes and Roofs - Fact Sheet, 2017 (Legacy 15-707) pdf [303 KB]
20th-Century Building Materials and Suitable Substitutes: Windows Visual Guide - Guide, 2014 (Legacy 13-707) pdf [6.02 MB]

The document is a visual guide to steel and corrugated wire windows and glass block, providing construction methods and contexts of popular use. The guide is intended to assist in the research, interpretation, and possible future mitigation. Samantha Driscoll, Emma Diehl, Pam Anderson, and Heather McDonald Robbins.

Technical Note 13-707: 20th-Century Building Materials and Suitable Substitutes - Windows - Report, 2014 (Legacy 13-707) pdf [179 KB]

The document discusses suitable substitutes for 20th-century window types identified as character-defining features of historic 20th-century DoD buildings. This tool will assist DoD CRMs, facility planners, architects, and engineers responsible for the maintenance and repair of historic 20th-century buildings in complying with Section 106 of the NHPA. Samantha Driscoll.

20th-Century Building Materials and Suitable Substitutes: Windows Visual Guide - Fact Sheet, 2014 (Legacy 13-707) pdf [72 KB]

Energy Efficiency Alternatives and Design Guidelines

Energy Efficiency Alternatives for Historic Buildings in Extreme Cold Weather Climates - Guide (Legacy 13-703) pdf [1.72 MB]

This study reviews the current DoD energy efficiency requirements using current building materials, while assessing specific building concerns associated with this unique climate and seeking potential replacements for current building materials with the hopes of increasing the longevity and use of historic structures.  The goal of this assessment is to find ways of meeting or exceeding DoD energy efficiency requirements, minimizing costs for repairs, and maintaining the historical importance of heritage structures.  This study specifically seeks to identify sustainable and energy-efficient practices for the treatment of historic buildings that are viable within the Alaskan region—and in like regions—and analyze various aspects of sustainable and energy-efficient rating systems, DoD energy efficiency mandates, and modern energy-efficiency techniques.

Energy Efficiency Alternatives for Historic Buildings in Extreme Cold Weather Climates - Fact Sheet (Legacy 13-703) pdf [245 KB]
Design Guidelines for Implementing Energy Efficiency Strategies in Historic Properties - Guide, 2014 (Legacy 13-382) pdf [27.85 MB]

These guidelines are intended to facilitate the planning of rehabilitation projects that will result in improved energy efficiency in historic buildings operated by the DoD and help the DoD meet historic preservation and energy savings design goals. Cherry|See|Reames Architects.

Design Guidelines for Implementing Energy Efficiency Strategies in Historic Properties - Guide, 2013 (Legacy 11-382) pdf [9.39 MB]
Design Guidelines for Implementing Energy Efficiency Strategies in Historic Properties Phases I and II - Fact Sheet, 2013 (Legacy 11-382 & 13-382) pdf [143 KB]

Historic Energy-Efficient Features

The CRM's Guide to the Engineer's Energy Toolkit - Guide (Legacy 11-360) pdf [2.64 MB]

The CRM Guide to the Engineer’s Energy Toolkit has been prepared to provide CRMs with the tools to answer preservation challenges he/she may encounter in meeting preservation needs and installation goals when dealing with upgrading a building’s energy efficiency.

Maintaining Elements That Are Efficient by Design: What's Already Green About Our Historic Buildings - Report, 2010 (Legacy 09-456) pdf [5.71 MB]

This document is intended to help CRMs, architects, and engineers understand the existing green features of historic buildings and use those features optimally in adaptive reuse projects that are aimed at increasing energy efficiency and reaching sustainability goals. Karen Van Citters.

Maintaining Elements That Are Efficient by Design: What's Already Green About Our Historic Buildings - Fact Sheet, 2010 (Legacy 09-456) pdf [109 KB]

Cost-Benefits of Reusing DoD's Pre-World War II

Implementing Environmental & Economic Cost-Benefits of Reusing DoD's Pre-World War II Buildings - Report, 2016 (Legacy 14-735) pdf [2.27 MB]

This report details a project identifying the constraints to repurposing and modernizing Pre-World War II masonry buildings in an efficient and sensible manner. Overcoming these constraints will facilitate the continued economic and mission-supporting use of these buildings.

Improving Environmental Efficiency in Historic Buildings

Strategies for Greening Historic Properties - Part I, Report, 2010 (Legacy 09-452) pdf [11.84 MB]

This document is Part I of a guide containing case studies for which sustainability principles were used, followed by sections centered on the five guiding principles for high performance and sustainable buildings, as developed by the National Institute of Building Sciences and included as part of the Whole Building Design Guide (WBDG). Karen Van Citters.

Strategies for Greening Historic Properties - Part II, Report, 2010 (Legacy 09-452) pdf [12.53 MB]

This document is Part II of a guide containing case studies for which sustainability principles were used, followed by sections centered on the five guiding principles for high performance and sustainable buildings, as developed by the National Institute of Building Sciences and included as part of the Whole Building Design Guide (WBDG). Karen Van Citters.

A Summary of the Strategies for Greening Historic Properties Study - Pamphlet, 2010 (Legacy 09-452) pdf [3.80 MB]
Strategies for Greening Historic Properties - Fact Sheet, 2010 (Legacy 09-452) pdf [158 KB]

Preservation of Historic Military Structures

How to Adaptively Reuse DoD Buildings: Lessons Learned from BRAC Installations - Report, 2012 (Legacy 09-449) pdf [14.94 MB]

This project showcases the wealth of historic, adaptively reused military architecture on closed DoD installations.  This project is necessary from a regulatory standpoint.  The DoD is a Federal agency and is responsible for the stewardship of historic properties under the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966.  As part of the Section 106 process, DoD cultural resources managers need to determine a variety of potential paths for their historic building inventory.  Adaptive reuse is one of those paths.  This booklet is to be used as a guide for the cultural resources manager and other DoD staff in determining how to best manage and adaptively reuse their historic buildings through what has already been accomplished by the private (and public) sector.  Chris J. Cochran and Adam D. Smith. 

How to Adaptively Reuse DoD Buildings: Lessons Learned from BRAC Installations - Fact Sheet, 2012 (Legacy 09-449) pdf [216 KB]
Backup Data for A Case Study of the Adaptive Rehabilitation of Buildings 705 and 706 - Report, 2011 pdf [3.13 MB]

In 2008, Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Mid-Atlantic (NAVFAC MIDLANT) awarded Defense Base Closure and Realignment Commission (BRAC) project P-214V which involved adaptive rehabilitation of two historic buildings at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard (NNSY) in Portsmouth, Virginia. The project consisted of renovating Quarters D&E and G&H (Building 705 and 706) to convert them from vacant residential buildings into usable office space. Renovations took place over a period of two years, and the buildings were completed and put into operation in July 2010. This report describes these renovations. Dutton Associates, LLC.

A Case Study in Adaptive Rehabilitation, Buildings 705 and 706 - Booklet, 2011 pdf [1.06 MB]
A Case Study for Preserving a DoD Historic Building and Achieving LEED Certification for a Major Renovation Project, Indiana National Guard, Stout Field, Building 5 - Fact Sheet (Legacy 09-451) pdf [230 KB]

This fact sheet describes a project that determined the feasibility of a LEED Silver certifiable renovation on a historic structure while having “no adverse effect” to the structure under Section 106 of the NHPA and to compare the cost of achieving LEED Silver compared to other non-LEED renovation strategies.

Stabilization and Preservation of DoD-owned Military Fortifications - Final Report, 2006 (Legacy 05-239) pdf [9.68 MB]

This project evaluated the different materials of military fortifications and particular conditions created by military fortifications in which a range of different materials are integrated, causing challenging preservation scenarios. The report offers integrated, proven sets of procedures to preserve and stabilize fortifications. Douglas R. Cubbison and Travis Beckwith.

Stabilization and Preservation of DoD-owned Military Fortifications - Fact Sheet, 2006 (Legacy 05-239) pdf [275 KB]
Procurement Guidelines for the Reuse of Historic Building Materials - Guide (Legacy 06-316) pdf [2.53 MB]

This pamphlet provides a basic understanding for qualified program managers, technical and procurements staffs in DoD with set guidelines for whole-building recycling, and reuse of historic materials. The pamphlet is meant to be used as a supplement to the Procurement Guidelines booklet. The new guidelines will provide information that will assisted in DoD installations Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution process. John Cullinane Associates, LLC.