Chesapeake Bay Program
                      DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

        Prepared by the Federal Agencies Committee of the
                     Chesapeake Bay Program

                           March 1996

    I.  Introduction
    II.  Agreement Commitments
    III.  Signatories

    A.  Existing Stormwater System in D.C.
    B.  Stormwater Permits for Federal Facilities in D.C.
    C.  Federal Facilities Inventory of Activities
          National Park Service
          U.S. Army
          U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
          Agricultural Research Service, National Arboretum
          Smithsonian Institution
          U.S. Navy
          U.S. Postal Service
          U.S. Air Force
          Natural Resources Conservation Service
          General Services Administration
    D.  Nutrient Loadings by Federal Lands in D.C.
    E.  Stormwater BMPs on Federal Properties in D.C.

Document finalized December,1995; signed March 1996.  The
Chesapeake Bay Program is the cooperative partnership among the
states of Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia; the District of
Columbia; the Chesapeake Bay Commission, a tri-state legislative
body; the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, representing the
federal government; and participating citizen advisory groups.
The Chesapeake Bay Program was established in 1983 under the
Chesapeake Bay Agreement.

                        I.   INTRODUCTION
     As part of the Chesapeake Bay Program's restoration efforts,
Federal agencies formed a partnership with the District of
Columbia (the District) government to create this Special
Tributary Strategy for Federal Lands in the District of Columbia.
The goal of the Special Strategy is to reduce the amount of
nutrients, principally nitrogen and phosphorus, entering the
tributaries of Chesapeake Bay.  Chesapeake Bay Program signatory
states are also developing tributary strategies to reduce the
flow of nutrients to the Bay.
     Nutrients and sediments entering Chesapeake Bay profoundly
impact water quality, living resources, and recreational uses of
Chesapeake Bay.  Water clarity is reduced when excess nutrients
cause algal blooms that block sunlight from reaching critical Bay
grasses known as submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV).  As SAV
declines, so does the food, shelter and nursery grounds for many
aquatic species including the blue crab, finfish, and waterfowl.
Sediments from erosion also silt boating channels.  Controlling
stormwater runoff, a major source of nonpoint source pollution,
and point source discharges of nutrients is critical to
protecting and restoring Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries.
     Many Federal agencies work with the District government to
manage environmental challenges in the District.  The U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the District of
Columbia are two of six signatories to the 1983 Chesapeake Bay
Agreement that created the Chesapeake Bay Program.  Other
signatories are the states of Maryland, Pennsylvania and
Virginia, and the Chesapeake Bay Commission, a tri-state
legislative body.  In the 1987 Chesapeake Bay Agreement,
Chesapeake Bay Program partners set a goal to reduce the
nutrients nitrogen and phosphorus entering the Bay by 40% by the
year 2000.  In the 1992 Amendments to the Chesapeake Bay
Agreement, partners agreed to maintain the 40% goal beyond the
year 2000 and to control nutrients at their source -- upstream in
the tributaries.
     This Special Strategy is the first comprehensive effort to
address the activities on all the Federal lands in the District
and their impacts on water quality and the Chesapeake Bay.  It is
a direct result of the Agreement of Federal Agencies on Ecosystem
Management in the Chesapeake Bay, signed by 29 Cabinet-level and
senior Federal officials on July 14, 1994, under the auspices of
the Chesapeake Bay Program's Federal Agencies Committee.  In the
1994 Agreement, under the general category of Nutrient Reduction,
these officials agreed to "commit to do our share to meet the
goal to reduce by 40% the loading of nutrients to the Bay by 2000
     Supporting the goals and action items of the tributary
strategies as they are affected by Federal lands and programs;
developing by December 31, 1995, a Special Tributary Strategy for
Federal lands in the District of Columbia, where the Federal
Government is a major landholder; delivery of Federal assistance
by integrated resources planning on a watershed basis to deal
with nonpoint sources of pollution, consistent with the 1993
Agreement between the USDA and the Bay Program."
     The Chesapeake Bay Program jurisdictions of Virginia,
Maryland, Pennsylvania, and the District of Columbia are
developing their own strategies to reduce nutrients in the
tributaries, but the District needs this Special Strategy to
complement its own. Federal agencies and other partners have
worked to restore the Anacostia River and its watershed. The
decades-long struggle to clean up the Potomac River is well
documented.  However, there is no comprehensive or uniform
strategy to specifically address nutrient loadings from all
Federal lands in the District.
     This Special Strategy is adopted for the following reasons:
Federal lands account for approximately 40% of the total land
area in the District.
     Nearly all of the sensitive low-lying, riparian, or
shoreline areas of the Potomac River, the Anacostia River, and
Rock Creek in the District are Federally owned.
     The District could not unilaterally address the complexities
and challenges of pollution prevention and reduction on Federal
land. See the District of Columbia's Tributary Nutrient Reduction
Strategy for the Restoration of the Chesapeake Bay (the District
Strategy), November 1995, pages 2 and 24.
     The Federal government believes it is important to adopt
stricter standards for reducing loadings.  These Federal agencies
will focus on pollution prevention and abatement. All Federal
agencies need to make the same commitments as the Chesapeake Bay
Program signatory states and the District.
     Therefore, this Special Strategy acknowledges and
complements the 1983 and 1987 Chesapeake Bay Agreements and
amendments, the District of Columbia's Tributary Nutrient
Reduction Strategy, and the Agreement of Federal Agencies on
Ecosystem Management in the Chesapeake Bay.
     The policies voluntarily developed and accepted by the
Federal agencies in this Special Strategy present a consensus on
uniform stormwater management.  These policies are essential to
reducing nutrients and toxics.  This Special Strategy encourages
comprehensive participation in stormwater pollution prevention
planning and facilitates regulatory compliance.  Apart from this
Special Strategy, the EPA issues several stormwater permits to
the District to cover stormwater discharges.  Facilities must
file a notice to be covered by one of these permits. Some, but
not many, Federal facilities will need to file notices and
develop subsequent stormwater pollution prevention plans.
Additional information on stormwater permits is contained in
Appendix B.
     This Special Strategy is a voluntary agreement.  It does not
relieve Federal facilities from any legal permitting
requirements.  However, implementation of this Special Strategy
will provide Federal facilities with the plans necessary to
comply with most anticipated permit requirements.

                    II. AGREEMENT COMMITMENTS

     For the Special Tributary Strategy for Federal Lands in the
District of Columbia
     In 1993, the District of Columbia embarked upon a Tributary
Strategy in accordance with the 40% nutrient reduction goal
agreed upon by the Chesapeake Executive Council of the Chesapeake
Bay Program (CBP).  The District issued its Tributary Nutrient
Reduction Strategy in November 1995.  The July 14, 1994,
Agreement of Federal Agencies on Ecosystem Management in the
Chesapeake Bay specifically commits Federal agencies to create
this Special Tributary Strategy for Federal Lands in the District
of Columbia.
     The Federal government owns approximately 40% of the land in
the District.  The Federal agencies that own, oversee, or assist
with the management of lands, facilities, and natural resources
in the District will assist the District government and the CBP
in reducing the flow of nutrients to the surface waters of
Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries.
     We, the undersigned representatives of the Federal agencies,
resolve to: exercise stewardship to protect the environment;
assist the government and the residents of the District of
Columbia; and, carry out the following as part of this Special
Tributary Strategy for Federal Lands in the District of Columbia:

    We will perform a complete review of stormwater pollution
    prevention plans for the lands and facilities that we own or
    manage.  If such plans are not already in place, we agree to
    write complete and detailed plans and to submit them to the
    District Department of Consumer and Regulatory Affairs (DCRA)
    for review.  The plans shall address storage capacity for the
    initial one-half inch of rainfall for total impervious
    surface area.  Best Management Practice (BMP) retrofits and
    implementation feasibility assessments shall be a part of
    such plans.  BMPs should emphasize, to the extent possible,
    natural features. We also agree to comply with applicable
    District and EPA stormwater permits.  (Completion by December
    31, 1997, respectful of any permit requirements. DCRA as

    We will perform a complete review of nutrient management
    plans for the lands and facilities that we own or manage.  If
    such plans are not already in place, we agree to write and
    implement complete and specific plans in accordance with
    Chesapeake Bay Program principles of nutrient management.
    Plans will be reviewed by the Chesapeake Bay Program's
    Nutrient Subcommittee.  (Natural Resources Conservation
    Service [NRCS] to issue guidance recommendations by July 31,
    1996.  Implementation of plans by July 31, 1997. NRCS as

    We will encourage the development and implementation of
    landscaping practices and designs that are both economically
    and environmentally beneficial, in accordance with the
    Presidential Memorandum on Environmentally and Economically
    Beneficial Practices on Federal Landscaped Grounds issued on
    April 26, 1994.  Reducing the use of nutrients and pesticides
    and improving habitat and wildlife opportunities are the
    principal goals.  (Currently ongoing, U.S. National Arboretum
    [Agricultural Research Service] and the District Cooperative
    Extension Service as co-leads.)

    We will participate fully in convening and attending an
    annual workshop focusing on Federal financial assistance
    vehicles such as grants, loans, in-kind services and related
    interagency agreements available to the District of Columbia
    and to Federal agencies that further the goals of this
    Special Strategy.  We will pursue Combined Sewer Overflow
    (CSO) abatement, upgrades to the Blue Plains Wastewater
    Treatment Plant, construction of BMP Retrofits, and similar
    projects.  We will work to assure compliance with Federal
    stormwater permitting requirements.  (First workshop to be
    held by December 31, 1996.  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and
    EPA as co-leads.)

    We will conduct and participate in at least one Federal
    facility site assessment per year through the year 2000 on
    Federal properties in the District of Columbia. Issues such
    as nutrient management, turf management, nonpoint source
    pollution control and landscaping will be stressed in these
    site assessments.  The site assessments will follow the
    format of the Federal Facility Site Assessment Protocol
    developed by the Federal Agencies Committee (FAC) of the
    Chesapeake Bay Program.  (Ongoing. National Park Service and
    CBP/FAC as co-leads.)

    We will participate fully in convening and attending an
    annual technology transfer workshop designed to assist
    Federal agencies with improving urban nutrient management and
    stormwater controls.  (First workshop to be held by December
    31, 1996. DCRA as lead.)

    We will participate fully in a coordination and communication
    group of Federal and District of Columbia agencies.  The
    group will share information, provide assistance, and improve
    interagency coordination regarding the environmental and
    natural resources management of Federal lands in the District
    of Columbia.  The group will ensure that the commitments of
    this Special Strategy are being met.  The group shall meet at
    least semiannually and be responsible for providing an annual
    progress report to the signatories of this document.
    (Initial report to coincide with the April 1,1997, Biennial
    Progress Report of the Federal Agencies Ecosystem Agreement.
    CBP/FAC as lead.)

                        III.  SIGNATORIES

For the Department of Agriculture
Richard E. Rominger, Deputy Secretary
James R. Lyons, Under Secretary for Natural Resources &

For the Natural Resources Conservation Service
Paul W. Johnson, Chief, Natural Resources Conservation Service

For the Agricultural Research Service
Dr. Thomas Elias, Director, U.S. National Arboretum

For the Department of Defense
Sherri Wasserman Goodman, Deputy Under Secretary of Defense,
    Environmental Security

For the Department of the Air Force
Thomas W. L. McCall, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Environment,
    Safety, & Occupational Health

For the Department of the Army
Martin Lancaster, Assistant Secretary for Civil Works
Robert M. Walker, Assistant Secretary for Installations,
    Logistics and Environment

For the Department of the Navy
Robert Pirie, Jr., Assistant Secretary for Installations and

For the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Carol M. Browner, Administrator
Michael McCabe, Regional Administrator, Region III
William Matuszeski, Director, Chesapeake Bay Program Office

For the Federal Highway Administration
Rodney E. Slater, Administrator

For the General Services Administration
David J. Barram, Acting Administrator

For the Department of the Interior
John Raymond Garamendi, Deputy Secretary

For the U.S. Postal Service
Charles E. Bravo, Manager, Environmental Management Policy

For the Smithsonian Institution
I. Michael Heyman, Secretary

For the National Capital Planning Commission
Reginald Griffith, Executive Director

For the Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin
Herbert M. Sachs, Executive Director

For the District of Columbia
Marion Barry, Mayor

                           APPENDIX A

                     CHESAPEAKE BAY PROGRAM

         Special Tributary Strategy for Federal Land in
                    the District of Columbia

     An antiquated sewer system is the major nonpoint input of
nutrients in the District.  During periods of dry weather, only
sewage enters the sewer line.  However, during storm events,
runoff from the streets and other impervious surfaces enters the
combined system.  Approximately one-third of the District's
geographical area drains into a CSO system.  When the combined
stormwater and sewer exceed the Blue Plains Wastewater Treatment
Plant's capacity, stormwater and sewage flow to the nearest water
body.  Approximately 500 million gallons of CSOs are discharged
in the District annually.  The Anacostia River receives 63% of
the CSOs. Rock Creek and the Potomac River absorb the balance.
The Anacostia River has been ranked by American Rivers as one of
the nation's most endangered rivers.
     Rock Creek is managed and owned by a Federal agency, the
National Park Service.  Most of the waterfront on the Potomac and
Anacostia Rivers is owned by Federal agencies.  The most polluted
sediments in the Anacostia River are found in the lower portions
of the river, an area surrounded by many Federal facilities.  The
majority of Federal facilities are connected to the antiquated
CSO system.  Federal facilities contribute to the problems and
they are in the best position to help reverse the degradation.
The District Strategy estimates that 40% of the land area of the
District is Federally held. According to the District Strategy,
Blue Plains contributes 95% of the nitrogen and 53% of the
phosphorus loadings from the District.  The CSOs contribute 2% of
the nitrogen and 31% of the phosphorus.  Nonpoint source runoff
accounts for 3% of the nitrogen and 16% of the phosphorus. The
District of Columbia DCRA estimates that the developed Federal
lands in the District generate about 300 million gallons of
stormwater each year.
     The District Strategy recognizes that if all plans for
upgrades at Blue Plains are completed, the District's nitrogen
reduction goals will be achieved and it "will be the single
largest point source nitrogen reduction in the Potomac and
Chesapeake watersheds."  The District Strategy adds that
"[p]hosphorus reductions will be accomplished through development
and implementation of a CSO abatement program and through the
District's Nonpoint Source Management and Anacostia Restoration
Programs." The District is committed to continuing these
programs, not only because of the decrease in nutrient loadings,
but because of the reduction of additional pollutants, such as
sediments, toxics, trash and bacteria, which have a significant
impact on water quality.
     Controlling the rate of surface runoff into the system and
decreasing the flow of pollutants into stormwater will reduce the
District's nutrient loadings.  Every gallon of stormwater delayed
from entering the sewage system until after the peak of the
runoff, when the treatment facilities could handle the flow,
would directly reduce the CSO by a gallon.  Federal facilities
can contribute significantly to this "peak shaving" by containing
runoff from impervious surfaces such as parking lots and roofs.
Improved stormwater management will yield benefits beyond
nutrient reduction.  Wetland and stream restoration work will
create wildlife habitat.  Stream scouring and flash flooding will
be reduced. Finally, other toxics and pollutants will be
prevented from bypassing treatment facilities and flowing into
the Anacostia and Potomac Rivers and the Bay.
     Opportunities to retain and control the release of
stormwater should be utilized.  Retaining the first one-half inch
of runoff from a storm event and releasing the retained waters
after the peak period would result in significant benefits.
Effluent would go to the treatment plant instead of into a river
or tributary as a CSO.  Stormwater control would also provide the
greatest potential for water quality improvement because the
first one-half inch of urban runoff contains the highest
concentration of pollutants.
     Large landholders such as the National Park Service, the
Soldiers' and Airmen's Home, the National Zoo, the National
Arboretum, and the Architect of the Capitol, have enough land
area to warrant implementation of certain BMPs for runoff control
using retention ponds or infiltration facilities.  Rooftop
storage, with controlled release into the sewer system, can be
used in highly impervious downtown areas.  Redevelopment offers
the opportunity to increase the permeable surface area using
penetrable pavement, gravel, and more green space. Increased
pervious surface would increase precipitation infiltration.
BMPs and comprehensive stormwater management offer a cost
effective and reasonable alternative to completely overhauling
the combined sewer system.  Separating the combined sewer system
would cost billions of dollars and require many years of
construction.  BMPs for on-site treatment of stormwater are
relatively inexpensive and also highly effective at achieving
goals for nutrient and toxic reductions.

                           APPENDIX B

                     CHESAPEAKE BAY PROGRAM
                    THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

     The EPA regulates CSOs and stormwater management.  Federal
facilities will be expected to reduce their contributions to
stormwater discharges.  Comprehensive planning now may actually
reduce long-term costs, with immediate environmental benefits.
     The EPA issues National Pollutant Discharge Elimination
System (NPDES) permits to the District government covering all
facilities discharging stormwater into either the separate
stormwater system or the combined sewer system.  Any facility
that discharges stormwater associated with an industrial activity
[as defined in 40 CFR 122.26 (b)(14)] must submit a Notice of
Intent (NOI) to be covered by one of the District permits.  The
burden is on the facility to determine if it meets the definition
"industrial."  NOI filers may choose from three permits:
Baseline Industrial (issued in September 1992), Baseline
Construction (issued in September 1992) and Multi-Sector (issued
and effective October 1, 1995).
     The Multi-Sector Industrial Permit offers the easiest route
for compliance.  The permit is not expected to require large
capital expenditures for construction of structural control
systems.  Facilities must file an NOI by March 29, 1996 and
submit a Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) by
September 25, 1996.  The Chesapeake Bay Program Office, 410
Severn Avenue, Suite 109, Annapolis, Maryland 21403, can provide
references for further information.
     The District permits have two prominent distinctions.  If a
facility has activities that rise to the level of "industrial,"
then the facility must submit a SWPPP for the entire facility,
not only the area of industrial activity.  The Multi-Sector
permit contains language specifically requiring facilities to
include proposed reductions in nutrient and pesticide loadings,
in accordance with the Chesapeake Bay restoration goals in their
     The EPA Region III Office will also be issuing a permit, the
MS-4, to the District in 1996, that will regulate any facility
with point source discharges of stormwater into the separate
stormwater system.  The permit will require street cleaning,
maintenance of the sewer system, cleaning out catch basins of
sewer inlets, elimination of illicit discharges into the sewer
system, and limits on the application of fertilizers and
pesticides.  That permit will also include standards specific to
Chesapeake Bay Program goals.
     Most Federal facilities will probably need to comply with
the requirements of one of these permits.  As of January 1996,
only two Federal facilities, the U.S. Department of Treasury's
Bureau of Engraving and Printing facility and the Naval Research
Laboratory, have filed NOI's.
     Federal facilities have a prime opportunity using this
collaborative Special Strategy to achieve full compliance with
regulatory permits and assure that all Federal facilities,
industrial and nonindustrial, contribute to solving the
District's stormwater problems.  Cooperative voluntary efforts
could eliminate the possibility of costly sanctions.  This
Special Strategy provides the tools for Federal agencies and
their facilities to improve stormwater management, while meeting
compliance requirements.

                           APPENDIX C
                     CHESAPEAKE BAY PROGRAM
                    THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA


     The National Park Service (NPS) is by far the largest
Federal landholder in the District.  The NPS adopted policies and
guidelines that seek to restore, maintain, or enhance the quality
of all surface and ground waters within the parks, consistent
with the Clean Water Act and other applicable Federal, state and
local laws and regulations.  Agreements or compacts were
established with other agencies and governing bodies to secure
their cooperation with water pollution prevention and restoration
of impaired systems.  The National Park Service has a long
standing commitment to integrated abatement programs.
     The NPS administers five separate park units within the
boundaries of Washington, D.C.:  the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal,
George Washington Memorial Parkway, National Capital Parks
Central, National Capital Parks East, and Rock Creek. Each park
unit is overseen by a superintendent who is responsible for park
operations under the direction of the Field Director of the
National Capital Cluster.
     An Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Program was implemented
by the NPS in the early 1980's.  Prior to obtaining approval to
use pesticides in a park, other alternatives must be considered.
These may include altering the environment that attracts the
pests or utilizing mechanical controls such as traps. Native
pests are considered part of the ecosystem.  Prior to any
application in the parks, the use of pesticides must be approved
at three tiers:  Park IPM Coordinator, Regional IPM Coordinator,
and the Washington Office IPM Coordinator.  Approvals are only
given for spot treatments and one-time use.  Strict adherence to
label recommendations must be maintained.  Records must also be
kept at both the Park and Regional Office.  Pesticide use has
been reduced via alternative actions.
     The amount of fertilizer used in the parks within D.C. has
been reduced.  The number of applications and the pounds per acre
have been decreased on areas that historically received heavy
applications.  The Mall and Washington Monument grounds sustain
heavy use which creates serious adverse impacts on turf
conditions.  These areas are difficult to manage due to the
compaction and associated low infiltration rates.  The Park
Resource Management staff tries to reduce the use of fertilizer.
The protocol for applying fertilizer includes soil testing and
fall application.  The NPS Center for Urban Ecology recommends
low quantity applications at several month intervals.
Availability of funds is also a controlling factor.
     Stormwater management and erosion-control practices are
being incorporated into new construction activities that affect
NPS lands.  Sand filters and underground detention structures
were installed at several sites to maintain water quality and
control water runoff rates.  There are many existing impervious
areas that were not required to develop and implement stormwater
management facilities in the past. However, the NPS is trying to
retrofit sites with BMPs.
     The U.S. Park Police maintain several stables located on
park property and there is one public riding stable.  Manure from
the stables is disposed in dumpsters and hauled away by private
contractors.  Floor drains in the stables are connected to
sanitary sewers so that materials used for cleaning the stalls
are not flushed into open channels that discharge to streams.
The Maintenance Division has operated an underground fuel storage
tank program for the past five years.  The program identified all
underground storage tanks on NPS lands in the District of
Columbia.  The tanks were tested to make sure they were not
leaking and surrounding soils were checked for contamination. As
a continuation of the program, the NPS has been systematically
replacing the older tanks or any that were found to be defective.
Any contaminated soils were removed and disposed of in accordance
with environmental regulations.  All the new tanks include
monitoring systems, as required by law, to track fuel usage.  The
NPS is also working with concessionaires to replace existing fuel
tanks and then require them to be fully responsible for the new
     Land uses vary considerably between the park units.
National Capital Parks Central has the highest percentage of
impervious areas and produces the highest percentage of
stormwater runoff.  The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal is almost
entirely forested and functions as a stormwater detention
structure, sediment trap, and nutrient sink.  Riparian forest
buffers, such as those along Rock Creek, the Potomac River, and
parts of the Anacostia River are a distinguishing feature of some
park landscapes.  The buffers aid in reducing the nutrient loads
reaching the waterways and serve to protect or enhance water
quality and habitat.  Riparian plantings, management of open
areas with meadows instead of mowed turf, and wetland restoration
are all helping to reduce stormwater runoff and improve water
     Environmental compliance inspections are conducted at the
marinas owned by the NPS.  Inspectors are looking for any signs
of contaminants that are in violation of the Clean Water Act
along the shore and in the sediments.  Sediment sampling and
analysis help to determine if sites are in compliance.  The NPS
is working to address problem areas and to educate operators of
their responsibilities to comply with the Clean Water Act.


Fort Leslie J. McNair
     Fort Leslie J. McNair is located on 98 acres of land in
southwest Washington at the confluence of the Anacostia River and
Washington Channel (part of Potomac River).  Fort McNair is an
urbanized peninsula with a sea wall that is jointly maintained by
the Fort and the Corps of Engineers.  It serves as the base of
operations for security in the Washington Metropolitan area.
Fort McNair also houses senior leaders of the Armed Forces and
serves as the premier campus for training senior officers.  Six
major projects are underway or completed:
    1.  remediation of a service station;
    2.  upgrading of Underground Storage Tanks (USTs);
    3.  remediation of leaking USTs (completed 1991);
    4.  site categorization/characterization of Building 81;
    5.  removal of PCB-regulated transformers (completed 1993);
    6.  characterization of the former General Services
        Administration parcel (former boiler plant).

     Storm and sanitary sewer systems are separate at Fort
McNair.  Storm sewer discharges flow into the Anacostia River or
Washington Channel, and the sanitary sewage is treated by the
District of Columbia at the Blue Plains Wastewater Treatment
Plant.  To prevent pollutant releases, Fort McNair recently
disconnected a carwash discharge from the storm sewer and
connected it to the sanitary sewer. Fort McNair is one of the
installations included in the Army's NPDES permit for industrial
stormwater discharges.  Fort McNair uses EPA-approved pesticides
and fertilizers and certified applicators.
     The installation maintains spill prevention control and
countermeasure plans.  IPM and stormwater plans reflect the goals
of the Chesapeake Bay Program.  The Fort's expenditure in
operations and maintenance costs associated with the Chesapeake
Bay Program is approximately $300,000 per year.

Walter Reed Army Medical Center
     The Walter Reed Army Medical Center is located on 113 acres
of land in northwest Washington between 16th Street, NW, and
Georgia Avenue, NW. Storm and sanitary sewers are separate at
Walter Reed.  Stormwater is discharged into Rock Creek.  The
Stormwater Management Plan for Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Main Section, Washington, D.C. identifies proposed measures to
minimize stormwater impact on water quality.  These include the
use of underground sand filters and controls that will minimize
the release of oil, grease, organic materials, and readily
separable solids.  Industrial wastewater generated by the boiler
plants, laundry facilities, printing shops, and office machine
repair shop are discharged into the sanitary sewer system.
Walter Reed has a D.C. permit for its discharge to the sanitary
sewer system.


Washington Aqueduct
     Most of the Federal land held by the Washington Aqueduct,
Baltimore District, Army Corps of Engineers is used for water
supply storage and treatment.  The Washington Aqueduct comprises
two water treatment plants, Dalecarlia and McMillan, and several
reservoirs.  The Dalecarlia Reservoir facility lies in both D.C.
and Montgomery County, Maryland.  Approximately 131 acres of the
277-acre Dalecarlia facility rest in D.C. The McMillan Reservoir
facility's 73 acres and Georgetown Reservoir's 63 acres are
located completely within D.C.
     Each facility has separate sanitary and stormwater systems.
Some stormwater at Dalecarlia is discharged directly into the
Potomac River at Little Falls, the remainder drains north into
Maryland and then into the Potomac River.  Stormwater runoff at
Georgetown goes into the Potomac River.  Stormwater at McMillan
is discharged into the D.C. combined sewer system.
     The Washington Aqueduct removes approximately 70,000 pounds
of residuals per day from the water during the treatment process.
The residuals are discharged into the Potomac River through three
discharge points located in D.C.  The discharges contain a
significant amount of nutrients.  The Army Corps of Engineers is
currently designing a residuals recovery facility to meet EPA
requirements for renewal of the Aqueduct's NPDES permit.
     Washington Aqueduct has submitted an "Optimal Corrosion
Control" strategy to the EPA that does not include the use of
orthophosphate, a corrosion inhibitor.  Orthophosphate would
contribute to phosphate loadings through the sanitary sewer and
CSOs.  As of December 1995, the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency had not yet responded to the proposed strategy.
Washington Aqueduct is proceeding on the assumption that
corrosion inhibitors will not be used.
     The Maintenance Branch of the Washington Aqueduct utilizes
an IPM plan.  The Engineering Branch operates an Underground
Storage Tank program.  The Aqueduct has plans for several tank
replacements prior to the December 1998 requirement.  The
Aqueduct routinely conducts environmental compliance assessments.
Army Corps of Engineers Activities
     In 1993, the Corps created 32 acres of wetlands on National
Park Service land at Kenilworth Marsh on the Anacostia River.
The Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin (ICPRB) is
currently conducting a study to determine if the newly created
marsh is retaining or releasing nitrogen and phosphorus to the
Anacostia River.
     The Corps is currently completing plans and specifications
for the creation of 30 acres of fringe wetlands along the
Anacostia River and 45 acres along Kingman Lake.  In addition,
there are plans for 5.6 acres of reforestation along Kingman
Lake.  All of these projects are on National Park Service land.
Under Section 114 of the Water Resources Development Act of 1992,
Congress authorized the Corps of Engineers to:

    1.  carry out a comprehensive assessment of adverse impacts
        to the Anacostia watershed from Federal facilities;
    2.  review current plans for reducing such adverse impacts;
    3.  carry out a feasibility study to identify and recommend
        measures for implementation to eliminate such adverse


National Arboretum
     Occupying 444 acres along the Anacostia River, the National
Arboretum is a showcase for horticulture research and education.
Its lands include some of the nation's premier ornamental gardens
as well as the District's second highest elevation, Mount
     Fertilizer applications of nitrogen and phosphorus are only
minor concerns, as there are only a few acres where fertilizers
are applied to turf.  Sophisticated and well-managed regimes are
in place for mowing and for limiting the amount of pesticide
applications as part of an IPM program overseen by a full-time
coordinator.  There are only infrequent and small inputs of
fertilizers in the garden areas.  Areas with regular fertilizer
or pesticide applications are the rose garden, National Herb
Garden and the Bonsai/Penjing Museum.  These three areas account
for less than 10 acres.  An IPM program has been in place since
1992 and pesticide use has been reduced to roughly 25% of the
former levels.
     The Arboretum estimates that approximately three pounds of
nitrogen per 1000 square feet are applied per year on about 20
acres, where certain plants are grown in a system of clean
culture (other vegetation is excluded).  There are erosion
problems in some of these areas that have steep and erodible
     The greenhouses are a small area with intensive use of
fertilizers.  However, fertilizer use is much less than that of
normal production facilities because they are holding plant
materials and not necessarily encouraging rapid growth.
     Composting operations have improved drastically since
operations were moved from near the Anacostia River to the
brickyard site.  Impervious surfaces make it possible to maintain
operations during rainy or wet periods.  The finished material
has a low nitrogen and phosphorus content.  There is a 50-foot
buffer of trees and grasses between the concrete pad holding the
compost and Hickey Run.  Site observation reveals that runoff and
movement of particles from the compost piles is minimal due to
the very large water retention capacity of the working piles.
     Hickey Run, an urban stream traversing from north of the
property and southward to the Anacostia River, is a degraded
watershed in the middle part of the Arboretum.  Some measures
have been taken to clean up sections of the stream, but trash and
hydrocarbon flow from upstream will remain a problem until the
management of stormwater in the basin is addressed.  The
Arboretum is involved in restoring a gravel pit and examining
stormwater management for the "R" Street parking lot.
The Arboretum has implemented programs for recycling waste oil
and antifreeze.


     The Horticulture Services Division (HSD) if the Smithsonian
Institution, an independent instrumentality of the U.S., operates
within the Office of Plant Services.  One of HSD's missions is
the planning, planting, and care of 24.4 acres of gardens and
grounds on the National Mall.  HSD has nine greenhouses in which
many of the bedding plants are grown and where many tropical
plants that are seasonally used on the Smithsonian grounds are
maintained in the winter months.  The plants require some
nitrogen and pesticide inputs.
     HSD started an IPM program in 1992.  The program has reduced
the use of pesticides and reduced the toxicity of the chemicals
used.  In the first three years of the program there was a 49.4%
reduction in the amount of pesticides applied.  Biological
control agents were established in four of the nine greenhouses
as a nontoxic and more permanent solution to insect pest
     There is no nitrogen management program for either the
grounds or the greenhouse programs at the Smithsonian.  However,
HSD utilizes slow release granular materials.  In addition, the
use of fertilizers is based on periodic soil testing rather than
on a calendar application.
     All new projects are reviewed to minimize problems with
stormwater runoff and soil loss.

The National Zoo
     The National Zoo is a part of the Smithsonian Institution.
Created in 1889 for the advancement of science and the
instruction and recreation of the public, the National Zoo
occupies 170 acres adjacent to Rock Creek Park in northwest
Washington.  This modern zoo combines wildlife with natural
history museums, botanical gardens, aquaria, and art galleries.
In collaboration with institutions around the world, National Zoo
scientists conduct research in genetics, reproduction, anatomy,
medicine, behavior, and nutrition.  It is also involved in many
breeding programs, including 29 Species Survival Plans for
endangered species.
     The National Zoo is engaged in recycling manure and green
plant material, implementing an IPM plan, reducing fertilizer
applications, and emphasizing the use of native plants.  It has
programs in place for the storage and disposal of hazardous
wastes and for recycling oils, cardboard, paper, and aluminum.
The Office of Environmental Management and Safety of the
Smithsonian Institution conducts routine management evaluations
and technical reviews, including routine site inspections.  Old
oil tanks were removed and new tanks installed.
     Approximately 2,000 cubic yards per year of manure are
composted into fertilizer and approximately 2,000 cubic yards of
wood debris are converted to mulch products each year.  The
National Zoo applied approximately 20,000 pounds of fertilizers
in 1985 and expected to reduce that figure to 6,000 pounds in
1995.  The Zoo estimates that since 1985, it has reduced the
purchase and storage of pesticides by 50%.  Today, it
predominantly uses insecticidal oils and soaps.  The greenhouse
and tropical plant growing program implemented IPM practices.


     The Navy is the second largest Federal landholder in the
District.  Its major facilities are the Washington Navy Yard and
Anacostia Naval Station, on the Anacostia River, and the Naval
Observatory (Vice President's residence) and Naval Security
Detachment, in northwest Washington, D.C.
     The Navy Yard is located on 66.3 acres in southeast D.C. and
is bordered on the north by residential housing, on the south by
the Anacostia River, on the west by the General Services
Administration, and on the east by an industrial area. The Yard
provides administrative support for many Naval services in
Washington and includes office space and a museum.
The Yard and the Station are involved in numerous restoration and
shoreline enhancement projects.  For example, the Station is
planning to construct a nature viewing boardwalk using local
volunteer labor.


     The U.S. Postal Service's Capital District has undertaken a
substantial amount of pollution prevention, environmental
compliance, and recycling activities at its main mail plants,
vehicle maintenance facilities, post offices, stations and
branches.  The 3,450 vehicles owned by the Postal Service's
Capital District currently receive in-house emissions testing
twice per year. The Postal Service will comply with the emissions
program that is adopted by the District of Columbia to meet the
requirements of the Clean Air Act.  However, the Postal Service
is already contributing to the goal of reduced emissions; all of
the Long Life Delivery Vehicles used by the Postal Service were
manufactured to meet the California emissions requirements.
Furthermore, more than one hundred and twenty vehicles, including
the Postmaster General's, have been converted to run on
compressed natural gas.  Additional vehicles probably will be
converted in the future.
     Stormwater pollution prevention plans and spill prevention
control and countermeasure plans, where applicable, are being
developed for its plant and vehicle maintenance facilities, in
accordance with the stormwater provisions of the Clean Water Act.


     Bolling Air Force Base is a 607-acre installation on the
shoreline of the Potomac River beginning at its confluence with
the Anacostia River and going southward.  t is a non-flying base
that provides administrative, logistical, medical and base-level
support to the headquarters of the Air Force and other tenants.
There are 37 stormwater discharges to the Potomac River.  Three
54-inch storm sewer pipelines cross through the base from off-
base sites.  There are 10 oil/water separators on the base. Nine
are in service, three connect to the sewer system, and six
connect to stormwater lines.
     The Potomac Shoreline Restoration Project, completed in late
1994, built structures to prevent erosion and created running
paths, picnic areas, and landscaped areas.  Bolling has a strong
IPM program.
     A stormwater management plan is being written by a
contractor. The contractor has already identified several BMPs,
including grass swales, which Bolling is implementing.  The Base
will be installing sand filters in the drains at several new
parking lots to minimize runoff pollutants.


     Although the NRCS is not a land-holding agency in the
District of Columbia, it is available to provide natural
resources technical assistance to Federal agencies and serves as
the lead for the nutrient management directive of this agreement.
The mission of the NRCS, formerly the Soil Conservation Service,
is to provide leadership and administer programs to help people
improve, conserve, and sustain our natural resources and
environment.  The NRCS helps public officials develop sound
policies and plans for natural resource development and
     NRCS can provide resource information and technology in many
areas, including:  soil resource data from a national soil
survey; conservation systems designed for local soil and water
conditions; streambank stabilization and wetlands restoration;
and a plant materials program that introduces new ways to use
plants to protect and restore water quality and wetlands.  NRCS
specialists are locally accessible for information and guidance.


     The General Services Administration (GSA) owns 106 buildings
in the District of Columbia and leases space in 130 (December
1994 figures.)  The GSA facilities include two power plants, 30
million square feet of office space, and 11 million square feet
of "special-type" usage including cafeterias, auditoriums,
printing plants, photo-processing plants, and laboratories.
Seventy-five Federal agencies occupy these buildings.  GSA is
responsible for maintenance and operations at most GSA-owned
buildings. For some buildings, however, the authority to carry
out maintenance and operational activities has been delegated to
the occupant agency, and GSA oversight is minimal.  Leased
buildings and spaces are maintained by the lessor.
     GSA was issued wastewater discharge permits for both the
Central Heating Plant (13th and C streets, SW) and West Heating
(1051 29th Street, NW) power plants.  GSA obtained an NPDES
permit for the West Heating Plant.  GSA has an IPM program.
The largest conglomeration of GSA parking areas is located at the
Southeast Federal Center.  The site is scheduled for development
and the GSA is assembling a stormwater management plan for the
site.  GSA does not perform any vehicular maintenance in D.C.

                           APPENDIX D
                     CHESAPEAKE BAY PROGRAM
                    THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

The total area of D.C. is 44,160 acres, approximately 69 square

                    Figure 1.Land Use in D.C.

Characteristic          Acres          Percent

Developed               35,328           80%
Forest/Park              3,091            7%
Water                    5,740           13%
Total                   44,160

15,752 acres, or 40% of the total 38,419 acres in D.C., are
Federally held.

               Figure 2. Federal Land Use in D.C.

Federal Land Use        Acres

Developed               12,661
Forest/Park              3,091
Total                   15,752

The Chesapeake Bay Watershed Model was used to calculate nutrient
loading rates for various land uses in the Bay watershed.
Nutrient loadings for Federal lands in D.C. were based upon these

     Figure 3. Estimated Annual Nutrient Loadings in Pounds.
                   N=Nitrogen, P=Phosphorous.

Fed. Land    Acres    N/Acre    Total N    P/Acre    Total P

Developed    12,661   7.76      98,249     0.623     7,888
  park        3,091   2.53       7,820     0.032        99
Total        15,752            106,069               7,987

                     CHESAPEAKE BAY PROGRAM
                    THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Type: 2 sand filter water quality structures
Location: 17th & Independence SW
Area Served:  24 acres
Agency:   Nat'l Park Service

Type:  1 interceptor trench
Location:  Brentwood Rd. NE
Area Served:  1.7 acres
Agency:  U.S. Postal Service

Type:  2 sand filters
Location:  One Independent Sq. 300 & 350 E St. SW
Area Served:  1.17 acres
Agency:  Dept. of the Treasury

Type:  2 underground retention structures
Location:  East Potomac Park (Ohio Dr.)
Area Served:  3 acres
Agency:  Nat'l Park Service

Type:  1 sand filter
Location:  Anacostia Park
Area Served:  0.93 acres
Agency:  Nat'l Park Service

Type:  1 dry pond
Location:  US Nat'l Arboretum
Area Served:  12.9 acres
Agency:  Agricultural Research Service

Type:  1 sand filter
Location:  225 14th St NW
Area Served:  2 acres
Agency:  Smithsonian

Type:  1 sand filter
Location:  (1st & Independence) Walter Reed Army Hospital
Area Served:  0.39 acres
Agency:  U.S. Army

Type:  1 sand filter
Location:  1 Massachusetts Ave NW
Area Served:  0.61 acres
Agency:  National Guard

Type:  2 extended detention ponds
Location:  Magazine Rd. SW
Area Served:  43.67 acres
Agency:  U.S. Navy

                           APPENDIX F

                     CHESAPEAKE BAY PROGRAM
                    THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

     Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and
Agencies:  Environmentally and Economically Beneficial Practices
on Federal Landscaped Grounds.  The Report of the National
Performance Review contains recommendations for a series of
environmental actions, including one to increase environmentally
and economically beneficial landscaping practices at Federal
facilities and federally funded projects.  Environmentally
beneficial landscaping entails utilizing techniques that
complement and enhance the local environment and seek to minimize
the adverse effects that the landscaping will have on it.  In
particular, this means using regionally native plants and
employing landscaping practices and technologies that conserve
water and prevent pollution.
     These landscaping practices should benefit the environment,
as well as generate long-term cost savings for the Federal
Government.  For example, the use of native plants not only
protects our natural heritage and provides wildlife habitat, but
also can reduce fertilizer, pesticide, and irrigation demands and
their associated costs because native plants are suited to the
local environment and climate.
     Because the Federal Government owns and landscapes large
areas of land, our stewardship presents a unique opportunity to
provide leadership in this area and to develop practical and cost-
effective methods to preserve and protect that which has been
entrusted to us.  Therefore, for Federal grounds, Federal
projects, and federally funded projects, I direct that agencies
shall, where cost-effective and to the extent practicable:

     (a) use regionally native plants for landscaping;
     (b) design, use, or promote construction practices that
         minimize adverse effects on the natural habitat;
     (c) seek to prevent pollution by, among other things,
         reducing fertilizer and pesticide use, using integrated
         pest management techniques, recycling green waste, and
         minimizing runoff.  Landscaping practices that reduce
         the use of toxic chemicals provide one approach for
         agencies to reach reduction goals established in
         Executive Order No. 12856, "Federal Compliance with
         Right-To-Know Laws and Pollution Prevention
     (d) implement water-efficient practices, such as the use of
         mulches, efficient irrigation systems, audits to
         determine exact landscaping water-use needs, and
         recycled or reclaimed water and the selecting and siting
         of plants in a manner that conserves water and controls
         soil erosion.  Landscaping practices, such as planting
         regionally native shade trees around buildings to reduce
         air conditioning demands, can also provide innovative
         measures to meet the energy consumption reduction goal
         established in Executive Order No. 12902, "Energy
         Efficiency and Water Conservation at Federal
         Facilities"; and
     (e) create outdoor demonstrations incorporating native
         plants, as well as pollution prevention and water
         conservation techniques, to promote awareness of the
         environmental and economic benefits of implementing this

     Agencies are encouraged to develop other methods for sharing
information on landscaping advances with interested nonfederal
     In order to assist agencies in implementing this directive,
the Federal Environmental Executive shall:

     (a) establish an interagency working group to develop
         recommendations for guidance, including compliance with
         the requirements of the National Environmental Policy
         Act, 42 U.S.C. 4321, 4331-4335, and 4341-4347, and
         training needs to implement this directive.  The
         recommendations are to be developed by November 1994;
     (b) issue the guidance by April 1995.  To the extent
         practicable, agencies shall incorporate this guidance
         into their landscaping programs and practices by
         February 1996.

     In addition, the Federal Environmental Executive shall
establish annual awards to recognize outstanding landscaping
efforts of agencies and individual employees.  Agencies are
encouraged to recognize exceptional performance in the
implementation of this directive through their awards programs.
     Agencies shall advise the Federal Environmental Executive by
April 1996 on their progress in implementing this directive.
To enhance landscaping options and awareness, the Department of
Agriculture shall conduct research on the suitability,
propagation, and use of native plants for landscaping.  The
Department shall make available to agencies and the public the
results of this research.

William J. Clinton