Cultural Resources

Spatial Data Standard for Facilities, Infrastructure, and Environment (SDSFIE) Cultural Resources Data Model - Fact Sheet (Legacy 08-409) pdf [46 KB]

This fact sheet describes a project that established the Cultural Resources Logical Data Model (LDM) to be integrated into the overall re-engineered SDSFIE 3.0 LDM by following an accepted and repeatable process, making effective modeling choices and ensuring a "Cultural Resources Community" acceptance and endorsement.

Workshop on Integrating Predictive Models into the Cultural Resources Management Process - Report, 2010 (Legacy 09-457) pdf [1.41 MB]

This report describes a project developed and delivered at a pilot workshop that provided instruction on building GIS-based archaeological predictive models to meet the compliance requirements of Section 106 and NEPA. David W. Cushman, Christopher L. Nagle, and Michael Heilen.

Workshop on Integrating Predictive Models into the Cultural Resources Management Process - Fact Sheet, 2009 (Legacy 09-457) pdf [50 KB]
Integrating Archaeological Models: Management and Compliance on Military Installations - Fact Sheet, 2008 (Legacy 06-167) pdf [42 KB]

This fact sheet describes a project with two objectives in relieving the constraints on training grounds due to changes in military training strategies and where BRAC actions and consolidation of missions will require evaluation and mitigation of effects to large numbers of archaeological sites: 1) Explore ways in which DoD installations can use predictive modeling to reduce the time and expense associated with compliance and attempting to expand archaeological modeling to include the concept of site significance as well as location, and 2) Present an approach for addressing the significance of archaeological sites on a programmatic, rather than case-by-case, basis, saving time and money resources.

Map Production for the Paleoindian Archaeology and Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene Shorelines on DoD Installations Project - Report, 2006 (Legacy 05-260) pdf [344 KB]

The Paleoindian Archaeology and Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene Shorelines on Department of Defense (DoD) Installations project maps were developed to aid DoD cultural resource managers identifying potential locations of sites that might yield evidence of Paleomaritime or aquatic culture. This report describes the GIS techniques and datasets employed to generate the maps. Susan Winchell-Sweeney,  Patterson Schackne, and Laurie Rush.

Model Evaluation of Paleo Indian Archaeological Sites on DoD Installations with Pleistocene Shorelines - Fact Sheet, 2007 (Legacy 05-260) pdf [67 KB]
A Workshop on Predictive Modeling and Cultural Resource Management on Military Installations - Report, 2004 (Legacy 03-167) pdf [2.59 MB]

This report describes a workshop of national experts to examine the use of predictive modeling by military installations in November 2004. The participants examined key issues associated with model development and use, discussed successful approaches to improving modeling efforts nationwide, and created some initial guidance for installations planning to use modeling for the first time or hoping to improve or revitalize their use of modeling. Jeffrey Altschul, Terry H. Klein, and Lynne Sebastian.

Improvement and Implementation of Archaeological Predictive Modeling on DoD Installations - Fact Sheet, 2005 (Legacy 03-167) pdf [419 KB]
Evaluation of Archaeological Predictive Modeling on DoD Installations - Fact Sheet, 2005 (Legacy 01-167) pdf [421 KB]

This project determined which predictive models previously issued by the military have been successful and how they can be used more efficiently and effectively to manage limited cultural resource funds. This project is related to Legacy 03-167. 

Non-Invasive Burial Determination Using Near Surface Geophysical Survey and Soil Chemical Testing at Fort Hood, Texas, and Camp Lejeune, North Carolina - Report, 2004 (Legacy 03-193) pdf [4.55 MB]

This project sought to develop a non-invasive means to identify the locations of prehistoric and historic human burials using geophysical and soil chemistry. With field investigations conducted at rockshelters, open air sites, and historic cemeteries, geophysical investigations were very effective in identifying burials and other cultural features at all site types. Chemical analysis of the soil to verify burial locations appears to hold greatest promise in historic burials. Duane Simpson and Ryan Peterson.

Non-Invasive Burial Determination Using Near Surface Geophysical Survey and Soil Chemical Testing at Fort Hood, Texas, and Camp Lejeune, North Carolina - Fact Sheet, 2005 (Legacy 03-193) pdf [433 KB]
Implement Cultural Resources Geospatial Database and Tool: Military Cultural Resources Analysis Database - Fact Sheet, 2005 (Legacy 01-168) pdf [437 KB]

This fact sheet summarizes a project that made further refinements to the Military Cultural Resources Analysis Database (mCRAD), built a regional data model, defined the use community, and populated the model with data from six installations.

Geotechnical Study, Forensic Evaluation, and Testing of Various Structures at Fort Sam Houston, Texas - Report, 2005 (Legacy 04-222) pdf [2.77 MB]

This report includes an evaluation of the existing foundation conditions, a limited masonry strength evaluation, and general guidelines to assist in preparing a stabilization plan for structures at Fort Sam Houston. Fugro Consultants LP.

An Optimal Foraging Model of Hunter-Gatherer Land Use in Carson Desert - Report, 1995 (Legacy 92-0497) pdf [21.55 MB]

This report expands and elaborates on an earlier model that predicted locations of prehistoric archaeology at Stillwater Marsh by analyzing the economic foraging potential of resource distributions there. A preliminary survey of selected lands administered by three federal agencies determined the predictive power of the model. David W. Zeanah, James A. Carter, Daniel P. Dugas, Robert G. Elston, and Julia E. Hammett.

Paleontology Resources: A Key to Unlocking the Past - Report, 1994 (Legacy 92-0482) pdf [2.83 MB]

This document contains arguments for establishing a federal paleontological resources program. Science Applications International Corporation.

Technologies for Prehistoric and Historic Preservation - Summary, 1986 HTML [91 KB]

This document summarizes a workshop on technologies for the preservation of archaeological sites and structures on December 3-4, 1985.