Glossary O-W

One Percent Lethality Distance. A distance calculated from a given CA Maximum Credible Event (MCE) and meteorological conditions (temperature, wind speed, Pasquill stability factor) and established as the distance at which dosage from that MCE agent release would be 150 mg-min/m 3 for H and HD agents, 75 mg-min/m3 for HT agent, 150 mg-min/m3 for Lewisite, 10 mg-min/m3 for GB agent, 4.3 mg-min/m3 for VX vapor, and 0.1 mg-min/m3 for inhalation and deposition of liquid VX.

On-call Construction Support. Construction support provided, on an as needed basis, where the probability of encountering UXO, other munitions that may have experienced abnormal environments (e.g., DMM), munitions constituents in high enough concentrations to pose an explosive hazard, or CA, regardless of configuration, has been determined to be low. This support can respond from off-site when called, or be on-site and available to provide required construction support.

On-site Construction Support. Dedicated construction support, where the probability of encountering UXO, other munitions that may have experienced abnormal environments (e.g., DMM), munitions constituents in high enough concentrations to pose an explosive hazard, or CA, regardless of configuration, has been determined to be moderate to high.

On-call UXO Construction Support. Support provided, on an as needed basis, by DoD EOD or UXO-qualified personnel during intrusive construction activities on property known or suspected to contain UXO or other munitions that have experienced abnormal environments where the probability of encountering such has been determined to be low. This support can respond from off-site when called, or be on-site and available to provide required construction support.

On-site UXO Construction Support. Dedicated support provided by DoD EOD or UXO-qualified personnel during construction activities on property known or suspected to contain UXO or other munitions that have experienced abnormal environments where the probability of encountering such has been determined to be moderate to high.

On-the-Surface. A situation in which UXO, DMM or CWM are: (A) entirely or partially exposed above the ground surface (i.e., the top of the soil layer); or (B) entirely or partially exposed above the surface of a water body (e.g., as a result of tidal activity).

Open Burn (OB). An open-air combustion process by which excess, unserviceable, or obsolete munitions are destroyed to eliminate their inherent explosive hazards.

Open Detonation (OD). An open-air process used for the treatment of excess, unserviceable or obsolete munitions whereby an explosive donor charge initiates the munitions being treated.

Operational Range. A range that is under the jurisdiction, custody, or control of the Secretary of Defense and that is used for range activities; or although not currently being used for range activities, that is still considered by the Secretary to be a range and has not been put to a new use that is incompatible with range activities. (10 U.S.C. 101(e)(3)(A) and (B)). Also includes “military range,” “active range,” and “inactive range” as those terms are defined in 40 CFR S266.201. (See reference (f)).

Ordnance and Explosives (OE). See Munitions and Explosives of Concern (MEC).

Primary Explosives. Primary explosives are highly sensitive compounds that are typically used in detonators and primers. A reaction is easily triggered by heat, spark, impact or friction. Examples of primary explosives are lead azide and mercury fulminate.

PEP: propellants, explosives, and pyrotechnics

Projectile. An object projected by an applied force and continuing in motion by its own inertia, as a bullet, bomb, shell, or grenade. Also applied to rockets and to guided missiles.

Propellant. An agent such as an explosive powder or fuel that can be made to provide the necessary energy for propelling a munition.

Public Access Exclusion Distance (PAED). The PAED is defined as longest distance of the hazardous fragment distance, IBD for overpressure, or the One Percent Lethality Distance. For siting purposes, the PAED is analogous to the IBD for explosives; therefore, personnel not directly associated with the chemical operations are not to be allowed within the PAED.

Q-D: quantity-distance

Qualified Receiver. Entities that have personnel who are, or individuals who are, trained and experienced in the identification and safe handling of used and unused military munitions, and any known or potential explosive hazards that may be associated with the MPPEH they receive; and are licensed and permitted or otherwise qualified to receive, manage, and process MPPEH.

Range. A designated land or water area that is set aside, managed, and used for range activities of the Department of Defense. The term includes firing lines and positions, maneuver areas, firing lanes, test pads, detonation pads, impact areas, electronic scoring sites, buffer zones with restricted access, and exclusionary areas. The term also includes airspace areas designated for military use in accordance with regulations and procedures prescribed by the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration. (10 U.S.C. 101(e)(1)(A) and (B))

Range activities. Research, development, testing, and evaluation of military munitions, other ordnance, and weapons systems; and the training of members of the armed forces in the use and handling of military munitions, other ordnance, and weapons systems. (10 U.S.C. 101(e)(2)(A) and (B))

Range-Related Debris. Debris, other than munitions debris, collected from operational ranges or from former ranges (e.g., target debris, military munitions packaging and crating material).

Render Safe Procedures (RSP). The portion of EOD procedures that involves the application of special disposal methods or tools to interrupt the functioning or otherwise defeat the firing train of UXO from triggering an unacceptable detonation.

Secondary Explosives. Secondary explosives are generally less sensitive to initiation than primary explosives and are typically used in booster and main charge applications. A severe shock is usually required to trigger a reaction. Examples are TNT, cyclo-1,3,5-trimethylene-2,4,6-trinitramine (RDX or cyclonite), HMX, and tetryl.

Small Arms Ammunition. Ammunition, without projectiles that contain explosives (other than tracers), that is .50 caliber or smaller, or for shotguns.

Smoke. (1) Filling for military munitions such as bombs, projectiles, and grenades. (2) Term applied to military munitions indicating that it is primarily intended to produce smoke of the types or colors specified.

Team Separation Distance (TSD). The distance that munitions response teams must be separated from each other during munitions response activities involving intrusive operations.

Technical Escort Unit (TEU). A DoD organization manned with specially trained personnel that provide verification, sampling, detection, mitigation, render safe, decontamination, packaging, escort and remediation of chemical, biological and industrial devices or hazardous material.

Technology-aided Surface Removal. A removal of UXO, DMM or CWM on the surface (i.e., the top of the soil layer) only, in which the detection process is primarily performed visually, but is augmented by technology aids (e.g., hand-held magnetometers or metal detectors) because vegetation, the weathering of UXO, DMM or CWM, or other factors make visual detection difficult.

Time Critical Removal Action (TCRA). Removal actions where, based on the site evaluation, a determination is made that a removal is appropriate, and that less than 6 months exists before on-site removal activity must begin. (40 CFR 300.5)

TNT: Trinitrotoluene

Transferred Range. A military range that is no longer under the control of a DoD component and has been leased, transferred, or returned to another entity including federal entities.

Transferring Range. A military range that is proposed to be transferred from DoD to another federal entity or disposed of by conveying title to a non-federal entity.

Unexploded Ordnance (UXO). Military munitions that (A) have been primed, fuzed, armed, or otherwise prepared for action; (B) have been fired, dropped, launched, projected, or placed in such a manner as to constitute a hazard to operations, installations, personnel, or material; and (C) remain unexploded either by malfunction, design, or any other cause. (10 U.S.C. 101(e)(5)(A) through (C)))

USACE: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

USAEC: U.S Army Environmental Center

USATCES: U.S. Army Technical Center for Explosives Safety

UXO: Unexploded Ordnance

UXO Avoidance. Techniques employed on property known or suspected to contain UXO or other munitions that have experienced abnormal environments, to avoid contact with potential explosive or CA hazards, to allow entry to the area for the performance of required operations.

UXO Technicians. Personnel who are qualified for and filling Department of Labor, Service Contract Act, Directory of Occupations, and contractor positions of UXO Technician I, UXO Technician II, and UXO Technician III.

UXO-Qualified Personnel. Personnel who have performed successfully in military EOD positions, or are qualified to perform in the following Department of Labor, Service Contract Act, Directory of Occupations, contractor positions: UXO Technician II, UXO Technician III, UXO Safety Officer, UXO Quality Control Specialist, or Senior UXO Supervisor.

Venting. Exposing any internal cavities of MPPEH, to include training or practice munitions (e.g., concrete bombs), using DDESB- or DoD Component-approved procedures, to confirm that an explosive hazard is not present.

Warhead. That part of a missile, projectile, rocket, or other munition that contains the explosive system, chemical or biological agents, or inert materials intended to inflict damage.

Waste Military Munition. An unused munition that has been abandoned by being disposed of, removed from storage for purposes of disposal or treatment prior to disposal; is deteriorated, leaking, or damaged to the point that it is unserviceable; or has been determined by an authorized military official to be solid waste. Also, a used or fired military munition that has been removed from its landing spot and then either managed off-range or disposed of on-range.

Recognize, Retreat, Report  
 

RECOGNIZEwhen you may have encountered a munition.
RETREATdo not touch, move or disturb it, but carefully leave the area.
REPORTcall 911!

Last Modified: 01 October 2015 at 07:00