DoD Programs and Implementation
DoD Green Procurement Program (GPP)
DoD’s Green Procurement Program (GPP) strives to enhance and sustain mission readiness through cost-effective acquisition and procurement that achieves compliance and reduces resource consumption of solid and hazardous waste generation. DoD’s GPP defines green procurement as the “purchase of environmentally preferable products and services in accordance with federally-mandated “green” procurement preference programs [include link to programs?]. The DoD’s GPP comprises elements of Eos 13423 and 13514, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the Farm Bill, Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005, and Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007.
The goal of DoD’s GPP is to achieve 100% compliance with mandatory Federal affirmative procurement programs in all acquisition transactions. This goal includes all acquisition from major systems programs to individual unit supply and service requisitions. The following are DoD’s GPP objectives:
- Educate appropriate DoD employees on requirements, roles and responsibilities, and opportunities.
- Increase purchases of green products and services.
- Reduce the amount of solid waste generated.
- Reduce consumption of petroleum and increase use of alternatives.
- Increase in the use of renewable energy.
- Reduce the use of ozone depleting substances and hazardous and toxic chemicals.
- Improve the procurement of green electronic equipment.
- Increase the use of biobased products and reduce dependence on fossil fuel-based products.
- Reduce consumption of energy and natural resources.
- Expand markets for green products and services.
The DoD’s GPP is jointly managed by the Deputy Under Secretary for Defense for Installations and Environment (DUSD(I&E)) and the Director, Defense Procurement & Acquisition Policy, (USD(AT&L/DPAP). For more information, Click Here.
DoD Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan (SSPP)
The first public version of DoD’s Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan was published on August 26, 2010. The DoD’s SSPP fulfills requirements established by EO 13514 and is updated annually. The SSPP defines DoD’s vision of sustainability as it relates to national defense as, “the ability to operate into the future without decline – either in the mission or the natural and manufactured systems that that support it. DoD embraces sustainability as a means of improving mission accomplishment.”
DoD’s SSPP comprises four objectives with eight goals and 21 sub-goals. The objectives, goals, and sub-goals are as follows:
- Objective 1: The Continued Availability of Resources Critical to the DoD Mission is Ensured
- Goal 1: The Use of Fossil Fuels Reduced
- Sub-Goal 1.1: Energy Intensity of Facilities Reduced by 30% of FY 2003 Levels by FY 2015 and 37.5% by FY 2020
- Sub-Goal 1.2: 18.3% of Energy Consumed by Facilities is Produced or Procured from Renewable Sources by FY 2020
- Sub-Goal 1.3: Use of Petroleum Products by Vehicle Fleets Reduced 30% by FY 2020 Relative to FY 2005
- Goal 2: Water Resources Management Improved
- Sub-Goal 2.1: Potable Water Consumption Intensity by Facilities Reduced by 26% of FY 2007 Levels by 2020
- Sub-Goal 2.2: Industrial and Irrigation Water Consumption Reduced by 20% of FY 2010 Levels by FY 2020
- Sub-Goal 2.3: All Development and Redevelopment Projects of 5,000 Square Feet or Greater Maintaining Pre-Development Hydrology to the Maximum Extent Technically Feasible
- Objective 2: DoD is a U.S. Government Leader in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions
- Goal 3: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Scope 1 and 2 Sources Reduced 34% by FY 2020, Relative to FY 2008
- Goal 4: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Scope 3 Sources Reduced 13.5% by FY 2020, Relative to FY 2008
- Sub-Goal 4.1: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Employee Air Travel Reduced 7% by FY 2020 Relative to FY 2011
- Sub-Goal 4.2: 30% of Eligible Employees Teleworking at Least Once a Week, on a Regular, Recurring Basis, by FY 2020
- Sub-Goal 4.3: 50% of Non-Hazardous Solid Waste Diverted from Disposal in Landfills Not Owned by DoD by FY 2015, and thereafter through FY 2020
- Objective 3: The Ongoing Performance of DoD Assets Ensured by Minimizing Waste and Pollution
- Goal 5: Solid Waste Minimized and Optimally Managed
- Sub-Goal 5.1: All DoD Organization Implementing Policies by FY 2014 to Reduce the Use of Printing Paper
- Sub-Goal 5.2: 50% of Non-Hazardous Solid Waste Diverted from the Waste Stream by FY 2015, and Thereafter Through 2020
- Sub-Goal 5.3: 60% of Construction and Demolition Debris Diverted from the Waste Stream by FY 2015, and Thereafter Through FY 2020
- Sub-Goal 5.4: Ten Landfills Recovering Landfill Gas for Use by DoD by FY 2020
- Goal 6: The Use and Release of Chemicals of Environmental Concern Minimized
- Objective 4: Continuous Improvement in the DoD Mission Achieved through Management and Practices Built on Sustainability and Community
- Goal 7: Sustainability Practices Become the Norm
- Sub-Goal 7.1: 95% of Procurement Conducted Sustainably
- Sub-Goal 7.2: 15% of Existing Buildings Conform to the Guiding Principles on High Performance and Sustainable Buildings by FY 2015, Holding Through FY 2020
- Goal 8: Sustainability Built into DoD Management Systems
- Sub-Goal 8.1: All Environmental Management Systems Effectively Implemented and Maintained
- Sub-Goal 8.2: Sustainability of Transportation and Energy Choices in Surrounding Areas Optimized by Coordinating with Related Regional and Local Planning
- Sub-Goal 8.3: All DoD Installations Have Integrated Pest Management Plans Prepared, Reviewed, and Updated Annually by Pest Management Professionals
Several of the SSPP objectives, goals, and sub-goals relate to sustainable procurement. For example, progress toward Goals 1 and 2 can be achieved through procurement of energy and water efficient technologies as well as biofuels. Sub-Goal 7.1, however, explicitly directs 95% of procurement to be conducted sustainably. DoD Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan (SSPP), Sub-Goal 7.1, 95% of Procurement Conducted Sustainably
The DoD’s SSPP establishes metrics for the enumerated objectives, goals, and sub-goals. For Sub-Goal 7.1 95% of Procurement Conducted Sustainably, the SSPP sets the following metric:
“The percent of contract actions (new contracts and modifications) that adhere to the principles of sustainability by containing requirements for (as relevant and where such products and services meet DoD performance requirements): energy-efficient (Energy Star or Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) designated), water-efficient, bio-based, environmentally preferable (e.g., certified by the Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool), non-ozone depleting, containing recycled content, and/or are non-toxic or less toxic alternatives. The sub-goal applies to products and services, including task and delivery orders, but excluding the acquisition of weapon system and their components and spare parts. The Federal Procurement Data System will be used as the source of data on contracts meeting these requirements.”
The annual targets set by the SSPP for Sub-Goal 7.1 are 95% of procurement conducted sustainably from 2011 to 2020.